Running algorithm benchmarks

The benchmark tools aim at providing derivative-free optimization researchers with a way to evaluate optimizers on a large range of settings. They provide ways to run the optimizers on all settings and record the results, as well as ways to plot the results of the experiments.

By default, nevergrad does not come with all the requirements for the benchmarks to run. Make sure you have installed/updated it with either the benchmark or the all flag (example: pip install 'nevergrad[benchmark]') or you will miss some packages.

Creating data from experiments

Experiment plans are described in nevergrad.benchmark.experiments. Each experiment plan is a generator yielding different Experiment instances (defining function and optimizer settings). To run an experiment plan, use:

You may try with the experiment name repeated_basic for instance. Check out python -m nevergrad.benchmark -h for all options. In particular, using --num_workers=4 can speed up the computation by using 4 processes, and for some experiments, you may provide a seed for reproducibility.

This benchmark command creates a file <experiment_name>.csv holding all information. The output file can be changed with the --output parameter. Each line of the csv file corresponds to one experiment from the experiment plan. The columns correspond to the function and optimizer settings for this experiment as well as its result (loss/regret value, elapsed time…).

Plotting results

In order to plot the data in the csv file, just run:

Check out python -m nevergrad.benchmark.plotting -h for more options.

The plotting tool will create 2 types of plot:

  • experiment plots: regret with respect to budget for each optimizer after averaging on all experiments with identical settings.

  • fight plots: creates a matrix of size num_algo x num_algo where element at position ij is the mean winning rate of algo_i over algo_j in similar settings. The matrix is ordered to show best algorithms first, and only the first 5 rows (first 5 best algorithms) are displayed.

Full pipeline

For simplicity’s sake, you can directly plot from the nevergrad.benchmark command by adding a --plot argument. If a path is specified afterwards, it will be used to save all figures, otherwise it will be saved a folder <csvfilename>_plots alongside the experiment csv file.

Adding your own experiments and/or optimizers and/or test functions

The nevergrad.benchmark command has an “import” system which can import additional modules where you defined your own experiments, possibly with your own functions and/or optimizers. This system however does not work on Windows (yet? feel free to help us!)

Example (please note that nevergrad needs to be cloned in your working directory for this example to work):

See the example file to understand more precisely how functions/optimizers/experiments are specified. You can also submit a pull request to add your code directly in nevergrad. In this case, please refer to these [guidelines](

Functions used for the experiments must derive from nevergrad.functions.ExperimentFunction. This class implements features necessary for the benchmarks:

  • keeps the parametrization of the function, used for instantiating the optimizers.

  • keeping a dictionary of descriptors of your function settings through the _descriptors attribute, which is used to create the columns of the data file produced by the experiments

  • let’s you override methods allowing custom behaviors such as evaluation_function called at evaluation time to possibly avoid noise when possible, and compute_pseudotime to mock computation time during benchkmarks.

See the docstrings for more information, and arcoating/ and for examples.

If you want your experiment plan to be seedable, be extra careful as to how you handle randomness in the experiment generator, since each individual experiment may be run in any order. See for examples of seedable experiment plans. If you do not care for it. For simplicity’s sake, the experiment plan generator is however not required to have a seed parameter (but will not be reproducible in this case).